Actias australovietnama Brechlin, 2000 is a species known only from South Center of Vietnam. The species was original described from Ngoc Linh Nature Reserve, Kon Tum Province. Now it was recorded from further localities in South Vietnam in Dak Lak and Lam Dong Province. The species is close to its related species Actias angulocaudata, that found from Hubei, China.
This is maybe the first time the species was photographed in nature.
Actias australovietnama Brechlin, 2000 photographed by Cuong Do
Oecophylla smaragdina (Fabricius, 1775) is a species that found from Asia and Australia. This is the first time, the genus and species be recorded in Vietnam by a photographer: Ly Phu Tai from Nhon Trach, Dong Nai Province.
The color of the species is vary, red or green. They make the nest on tree by stitching leaves by silk from their larvae.
Oecophylla smaragdina (Fabricius, 1775) is handing a grasshopper, photographed by Ly Phu Tai
Loepa diffundata Naumann, Nässig & Löffler, 2008 was changed and described from the subspecies L. katinka diversiocellata. And in the paper, authors also proposed that L. diversiocellata is synonym of L. katinka. Loepa diffundata was recorded in South East Asia and is a wide distributed species.
In Vietnam, the species found in Lam Dong, Thua Thien Hue, Vinh Phuc and Hoang Lien, Lai Chau-Lao Cai. They are active at late after middle night, sometime nearly morning and found in the good forests with elevation about more than 700m.
Loepa diffundata Naumann, Nässig & Löffler, 2008 - phogographed by Cuong Do
Eupanacra busiris busiris (Walker, 1856) is quite wide distributed species, they found from India to South East Asia and South China. There are 5 subspecies of the species E. busiris be described. Eupanacra busiris atima found only from India; Eupanacra busiris marina found in Andaman Islands (India); Eupanacra busiris myosotis was described from Indonesia and Eupanacra busiris schuetzi found in Philippines. They are plant mimic moths, the whole body marking of the species similar to an orchid trunk. Color of dried specimen very much difference from alive form.
Eupanacra busiris busiris (Walker, 1856) - photographed by Ly Phu Tai
Eupanacra busiris busiris (Walker, 1856) - photographed by Nguyen Ba Quang
Species of Xyleutes are large size moths of Cossidae, there are 2 species were recorded from Vietnam: Xyleutes persona Le Guillou, 1841 and Xyleutes strix (Linnaeus, 1758). Both of the species are wide distribute from India to South East Asia, Papua New Guinea, Xyleutes strix (Linnaeus, 1758) found also in Solomons. In Vietnam, Xyleutes species found in mountain forests with elevation from 700 to more than 1000m. The species Xyleutes persona Le Guillou, 1841 was recorded the first time by Yakolev & Witt in 2009. 2 species of Xyleutes can be easy separated by color of the pronotum: Xyleutes persona with a white pronotum while Xyleutes strix has black part of pronotum in dorsal view.
Xyleutes persona Le Guillou, 1841 - photographed by Cuong Do
Marumba spectabilis (Butler, 1875) is one of 6 species of Marumba that found from Vietnam: Marumba cristata (Butler, 1875), Marumba dyras (Walker, 1856), Marumba gaschkewitschii (Bremer & Grey, 1853), Marumba saishiuana Okamoto, 1924, Marumba spectabilis (Butler, 1875) and Marumba sperchius (Ménétriés, 1857). The species Marumba spectabilis (Butler, 1875) and Marumba saishiuana Okamoto, 1924 very similar in shape of wings as well as marking on on the wings.
Marumba spectabilis (Butler, 1875) - Photographed by Cuong Do
Marumba spectabilis (Butler, 1875) moving its wings at night
There are 2 species of genus Cypa that found from Vietnam, Cypa decolor (Walker, 1856) and Cypa enodis Jordan, 1931. They are very similar and the characteristic to separate them is the hind wings structure. Cypa decolor (Walker, 1856) found in South of Vietnam while Cypa enodis Jordan, 1931 found in North Center of Vietnam. Cypa enodis Jordan, 1931 found in both pristine and disturbed forests with elevation from 700 to more than 1000m.
Cypa decolor (Walker, 1856) - photographed by Cuong Do
Cephonodes hylas (Linnaeus, ) is a wide distribute and common species, they have been recorded from Near East, Middle East, Africa, India, China, Japan, South East Asia and Australia. They are bee mimic moth and day flying insects with hyaline wings are not same to any other members of Sphingidae.
There are 2 species of the genus were found in Vietnam, the second species smaller: Cephonodes picus (Cramer, 1777)
Cephonodes hylas (Linnaeus, ) - photographed by Ly Phu Tai, Bao Lam, Bao Loc, Lam Dong Province
Dahira obliquifascia (Hampson,1910) is a wide distribute species of Indochina region, the species found also in South China and South of Thailand as well. This species and Dahira rubiginosa Moore, 1888 are two only members of the genus that were recorded for fauna of the country. Not so common locally, the species found in vary of elevation and also be recorded in disturbed forests.
Dahira obliquifascia (Hampson,1910) - photographed by Cuong Do
Sphinx centrovietnama Brechlin, 2015 is a new described species, the holotype of the species was found from Ngoc Linh, Kon Tum Province. It is the second species of the genus found in Vietnam, the first recorded species of the genus is Sphinx oberthueri (Rothschild & Jordan, 1903) maybe somewhere around Fansipan Mountains, Dr. Ian Brechlin proposed that it never be recorded officially from Vietnam or misidentified from S. centrovietnama because their differences are not easy to be recognized.
Sphinx centrovietnama Brechlin, 2015 - photographed by Cuong Do
Neogurelca hyas (Walker, 1856) is wide distributed species however it is not common locally. The species was found from India to Indochina, Japan and Indonesia.
In Vietnam, this species was record in disturbed forests with elevation about 500-700m.
Neogurelca hyas (Walker, 1856) - photographed by Cuong Do
Rhodoprasina callantha Jordan, 1929 is one of two members of the genus Rhodoprasina that found from Vietnam. The species Rhodoprasina callantha Jordan, 1929 is more common (about Indochina, Yunnan and Bhutan) and wide distributed while the other smaller species: Rhodoprasina winbrechlini Brechlin, 1996 is quite rare and found only from North East of Vienam and Yunnan, China.
Despite of more wide distribute, Rhodoprasina callantha Jordan, 1929 is not common locally, they found in good forests with elevation from 400 to more than 1000m.
Rhodoprasina callantha Jordan, 1929 - photographed by Cuong Do
This is an unnamed species of Clinterocera genus and close to Clinterocera jucunda Westwood, 1874 that found from North Vietnam, North Thailand and Laos. Among 27 species of the genus there are only 5 known species that already be found from Vietnam: Clinterocera davidis Fairmaire, 1878; Clinterocera discipennis Fairmaire, 1889; Clinterocera jucunda Westwood, 1874; Clinterocera raui (Paulian, 1961); Clinterocera rufithorax Moser, 1901.
I am not an expert of Cetoniinae but the species is so beautiful and I really want to make a description of it; I hope I will have an opportunity to give it a science name in the near future.
Unnamed species of Clinterocera - photographed by Cuong Do
Prosopocoilus astacoides karubei Nagai,2000 was described based on materials that collected from Lam Dong Province, South Center of Vietnam. It is the second subspecies of the species found in Vietnam, other wide distribute subspecies is Prosopocoilus astacoides castaneus (Hope & Westwood, 1845), found in North of Vietnam and very common in Ha Giang Province. Not same to the subspecies Prosopocoilus astacoides karubei only found from type location, Prosopocoilus astacoides castaneus found also in Thailand, Myanmar, India and Laos, maybe also in South China.
The subspecies Prosopocoilus astacoides karubei Nagai,2000 named after Mr. Haruki Karube, Kanagawa Museum of Nature History, who is well known with his publication on dragonfly of South East Asia.
Small male of Prosopocoilus astacoides karubei Nagai,2000 - photographed by Nguyen Ba Quang
Large male of Prosopocoilus astacoides karubei Nagai,2000 - Photographed by Nguyen Quang Thai
Trachyzulpha frushtorferia varia Gorochov, 2014 was original described based on materials that collected from Kon Tum Province, South Center of Vietnam. The holotype of the subspecies was collected from Kon Plong, Mang Canh with elevation about 1200m. It is the first time this subspecies was recorded from Bidoup, Lam Dong Province, South Center of Vietnam. It was attracted by light trap in the locality with elevation about 1650m. It is easy to understand about the distribution because of connection of two forest mountain areas in South Center of Vietnam.
Species of Trachyzulpha found in tropical forests in Indo-Malay area, the genus was described based on the species T. frushtorferia from Java, Indonesia. The latter second species was found from Tonkin, North Vietnam: T. annulifera. Today, Trachyzulpha frushtorferia was found from South China and South East Asia. In Vietnam, there only 2 species of the genus were recorded: T. frushtorferia and T. annulifera.
They are really beautiful and strange species of Grasshopper with the lichen mimic form, they fround in pristine tropical forest.
Trachyzulpha frushtorferia varia Gorochov, 2014 - photographed by Cuong Do, 2016 in Bidoup National Park, Lam Dong Province